About climate change projection data explorers

Explore what the global climate models are projecting for Australia’s future climate via a number of easy to use tools found on this website. There is also plenty of supporting information to ensure that you have all the information you need to explore and understand the climate model results and visualisations. Each interface allows you to follow links to further information, download underpinning data or save figure files.

There are some considerations you might like to make before beginning to use the data exploration tools available here. Here are some common questions, answers and links to more information.

What data are available?

There are two types of projections data available representing a range of future scenarios and climate variables.

These are; projected climate changes (including fine scale data); and application-ready future climate data (applied to observational data).

For more information on data types and the scale (grid size) of data available read more here.

What considerations should be made when exploring or using climate data?

If you are interested in using climate data for applications (e.g. impact assessment) or further research there are some considerations you need to make.

Information on consideration of time frames for the assessments, how to select climate models of the most relevance to your application while maintaining internal consistency in the data sets you retrieve and how to choose an emission scenario can be found here.

How to cite the information used on this website?

Users may wish to cite material collected from this website, including data that are accessed through the various tools. More information about citing, referencing and acknowledging the Climate Change in Australia website and data sets can be found here.

What types of tools are available?

A range of tools are provided that allow access to information of differing levels of complexity, ranging from carefully crafted statements about future climate scenarios to detailed gridded data sets. Each tool is given a rating according to the complexity of the information provided and the level of climate science knowledge needed to fully understand the information and how best to use it. This is shown by the rating icon displayed on each tool. The ratings are described in detail here .

What data can I get from the tools?

The table below provides an overview of each of the climate tools and the data available. Details of the tool ratings are provided here .

Tool

Rating

Description

Variables

Application Ready

View

Download

Regional Climate Change Explorer

Basic

View regional summary information about future climate and key messages

Mean temperature

Rainfall

Extreme Temperature

Extreme Rainfall

Drought

Marine and Coastal

X

Climate Analogues

Basic

Find locations whose current climate approximates the future climate at your location.

(Based on changes in temperature and rainfall)

X

Summary Data Explorer

Basic

View bar plots of multi-model regional-average seasonal changes in eight variables

Mean Temperature

Maximum Temperature

Minimum Temperature

Rainfall

Solar Radiation

Evapotranspiraton¹

Wind Speed

Relative Humidity

X

X

Extremes Data Explorer

Basic

View bar plots of multi-model regional-average seasonal changes in six extremes measures

Coldest Night

1-in-20 yr Coldest Night

Hottest Day

1-in-20 yr Hottest Day

Wettest Day

1-in-20 yr Wettest Day

X

X

Marine Explorer

Basic

View gridded maps and/or tabulated multi-model regional-average changes for seven marine variables

Mean Sea Level

Sea Level Allowance

Sea Surface Temperature

Sea Surface Salinity

Ocean pH

Aragonite Saturation

X

X

Map Explorer

Intermediate

View maps and download gridded projected change and future climate (change applied to historic data) data from eight individual climate models

Mean Temperature

Maximum Temperature

Minimum Temperature

Rainfall

Solar Radiation

Evapotranspiraton¹

Wind Speed

Relative Humidity

X

X

X

Time Series Explorer

Intermediate

Interactively view multi-model data as a continuous time-series from 1900--2100

Mean Temperature

Rainfall

X

Thresholds Calculator

Intermediate

View maps and download gridded projected thresholds data (e.g. days above 35°C) from eight pre-selected climate models

Maximum Temperature

Minimum Temperature

X

X

X

Climate Futures: Explore Projections

Basic

Climate Futures: Projections Builder

Intermediate

Intermediate Users can access a guided interface to generate application specific projections data for an impact assessment

Mean Temperature

Maximum Temperature

Minimum Temperature

Rainfall

Wind Speed

Relative Humidity

Evapotranspiration¹

Solar Radiation

X

X

Climate Futures: Compare Projections

Intermediate

Intermediate Users can explore projected changes from multiple sources and/or combining emissions scenarios and time-periods using Climate Futures Matrices

Mean Temperature

Maximum Temperature

Minimum Temperature

Rainfall

Wind Speed

Relative Humidity

Evapotranspiration¹

Solar Radiation

X

X

Climate Futures: Detailed Projections

Advanced

Advanced Users can develop tailored projections, identify representative models and export change data for use in impact assessments

Mean Temperature

Maximum Temperature

Minimum Temperature

Rainfall

1-in-20 yr Rainfall

Wind Speed

1-in-20 yr Wind Speed

Relative Humidity

Evapotranspiration¹

Solar Radiation

X

X

Gridded Data Download

Advanced

Download gridded change data from up to 40 global climate models in a range of formats

Mean Temperature

Maximum Temperature

Minimum Temperature

Rainfall

1-in-20 yr Rainfall

Wind Speed

1-in-20 yr Wind Speed

Relative Humidity

Evapotranspiration¹

Solar Radiation

X

Station Data Download

Advanced

Download application-ready future daily or monthly time-series data from eight pre-selected global climate models models (availability of variables is dependent on locality)

Mean Temperature

Maximum Temperature

Minimum Temperature

Rainfall

Relative Humidity

Evapotranspiration²

Fire Weather

X

X

Notes
1. Morton (1983) Wet Areal Evapotranspiration
2. Morton (1983) Point Potential Evapotranspiration (a proxy for Pan Evaporation)
(Morton FI (1983) 'Operational estimates of areal evapotranspiration and their significance to the science and practice of hydrology.' Journal of Hydrology 66, 1-76.)